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疑问词引导的宾语从句
发表时间:2019-9-24 点击:108 文章来源:英语科组

当一个特殊疑问句充当宾语时,我们应该注意以下三点。

一、关联词

由原来的疑问词what,who, which, when, where, how, why等作为引导宾语从句的关联词,这些词在宾语从句中充当一定的句子成分,都有各自的含义,不能省略。
   二、语序

疑问词引导的宾语从句要用陈述句语序。

三、主从句的时态

主句若是现在时,疑问词引导的宾语从句的时态随句意而确定;主句若是过去时,疑问词引导的宾语从句的时态也用过去的某种时态(宾语从句表示客观真理除外)。如:

请将下面的两个简单句合并为含有宾语从句的复合句。

What is his sister going to do? I ask Jack.→

I ask Jack what hissister is going to do.

Which school does he want to go to? Do you know?→

Do you know which schoolhe wants to go to?

When did she arrive in Beijing?I want to know.→

I want to know when shearrived in Beijing.

Why will you buy a new house? Frank asked me.→

Frank asked me why Iwould buy a new house.

【温馨提示】如果疑问词在句中作主语或主语的定语,变为宾语从句时语序不变,但时态应作相应变化。如:

Who can answer the question? The teacher asked.→

The teacher asked who couldanswer the question

Whose book is on the desk? We want to know.→

We want to know whose bookis on the desk.


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